# Hydraulic Rams

### Hydraulic Ram Pumps from Practical Action

A full description of how to build and install an Atlas Ram Pump from a kit is contained in the ‘The Original’ book  Hydraulic Ram Pumps, How and Where They Work’

Variety of good resources from builditsolar

A hydraulic ram pump system is designed to deliver the desired pumping flow rate for a given elevation lift. The range of available flow rates and elevation lifts is related to the flow quantity and velocity from the water source through the drive pipe. The mathematical relationship for pumping flow rate is based upon the flow rate through the drive pipe, the vertical fall from the source through the drive pipe, and the vertical elevation lift from the pump to the point of use. These variables are illustrated in Figure 2. Equation 1 is used to calculate pumping rate: where:

Q=pumping rate in gallons per day (gpd)
E=efficiency of a hydraulic ram pump installation, typically equal to 0.6
S=source flow rate through the drive pipe in gallons per minute (gpm)
L=vertical elevation lift from the pump to the destination in feet
F=vertical fall from the source through the drive pipe in feet.

To convert the pumping rate expressed in gallons per day(gpd) to gallons per minute(gpm), divide by 1440. The following example illustrates an application of Equation 1.

Example.
A hydraulic ram will be used to pump water from a stream with an average flow rate of 20 gpm up to a water tank located 24 feet vertically above the pump. The vertical fall through the drive pipe in the stream to the pump is 4 feet. Assume a pumping efficiency of 0.6. What is the maximum pumping rate from the hydraulic ram pump?

In this example, E = 0.6, S = 20 gpm, L = 24 feet, and F = 4 feet. The resulting pumping rate, Q, is calculated as: The maximum pumping rate delivered by the hydraulic ram pump operating under these conditions is 2880 gallons per day, or 2 gallons per minute.

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